Republicans are already questioning Brown's characterization that his plan relies on half cuts and half taxes, roughly $12 billion of both, to solve a $26.4 billion deficit. The remainder of Brown's plan relies on nearly $2 billion in internal borrowing, transfers and non-tax revenues.
In particular, they call into question four items that Brown has dubbed spending cuts but involve taking outside money to reduce the state's general fund burden. These include taking $861 million in Proposition 63 mental health funds, $1 billion in First 5 early childhood development reserves, $1.7 billion in redevelopment funds and $1 billion in a fuel-tax swap that involves local transit money.
From a strict general fund accounting standpoint, the maneuvers allow for "cuts" from the general fund. And they may force outside programs to cut spending on their own; for instance, the fuel-tax swap may result in less money for local transit. The nonpartisan Legislative Analyst's Office treated fuel-tax money and redevelopment funds as cuts in a July 2009 analysis of the budget.
But the moves may also be considered fund shifts, since the state isn't actually cutting general fund programs to save this money, but rather is using different money to pay for existing programs. The Analyst's Office last year called transfers from First 5 and Proposition 63 funds "Other Solutions" rather than cuts.
Look for opponents of Brown's plan to attack the half-cuts/half-taxes argument by saying $4.5 billion of his cuts are really fund shifts -- and thereby only result in $8 billion in cuts rather than $12.5 billion in cuts.
As for Brown's $12 billion in revenue solutions, the governor relied on a bit of accounting magic to characterize the figure as $12 billion. Brown has proposed $14 billion in tax solutions, including about $11 billion from extensions of higher general taxes on income, sales and vehicles. But his tax chart (page 47) cancels out $2 billion in money that goes to schools due to the tax hikes. The $2 billion doesn't make a dent in the state's $26.4 billion deficit, but that doesn't mean they aren't new tax dollars.
While Brown will contend his plan has $12.5 billion in cuts and $12 billion in taxes, critics will say Brown's proposal contains $14 billion in taxes and $8 billion in cuts.
UPDATE (4:21 p.m.): Added a line about nearly $2 billion in other solutions.
PHOTO CREDIT: Gov. Jerry Brown releases his budget proposal at the State Capitol on Monday, January 10, 2011. Hector Amezcua / Sacramento Bee